From Medscape Drugs & Diseases - HIV/AIDS

 
 

  • A 51-Year-Old Man Avoiding Sexual Intercourse Due to Rectal Pain A 51-year-old man has not been sexually active for the past 12 months because of cramping rectal pain. He has also had intermittent episodes of hematochezia for 6 months. Do you know what's wrong?
  • Fast Five Quiz: HIV PrEP: Selecting Appropriate Candidates How much do you know about selecting candidates for HIV PrEP? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
  • Rapid Rx Quiz: Sleep Aids From indications to efficacy and safety concerns, how much do you know about melatonin and other sleep aids? Brush up on this group of medications with this short quiz.
  • Fast Five Quiz: Pets and Human Health Risks From bites and scratches to allergens and various infectious diseases, are you familiar with human health concerns caused by pets? Refresh and test your knowledge with this short quiz.
  • Patient Simulation: A 49-Year-Old Man With HIV and CVD Risk A 49-year-old man would like to discuss his medications and manage his comorbidities. How would you advise this patient?
  • Fast Five Quiz: Kidney Transplant Rejection Risk and Monitoring How familiar are you with kidney transplant, rejection risk, and monitoring? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz.
  • Anal Cancer: The Fundamentals Anal cancer is fairly rare (~1-2% of all gastrointestinal cancers). Its incidence is rising in the HIV community, though it remains fairly stable in the non-HIV population. Learn about the identification and treatment of this disease, with a focus on squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the anus.
  • Deadly Skin Cancers Many skin cancers are highly curable if caught and treated early; how many of these do you recognize?
  • Pancreatic Cancer: Difficult Diagnosis, Ominous Outlook Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. Approximately 80% of all pancreatic cancers are adenocarcinomas, with only 2% of exocrine pancreatic tumors diagnosed as benign. Do you know how to distinguish the different histologic subtypes and initiate appropriate treatment?
  • Alzheimer Disease: Diagnostic Challenges Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and one of the major causes of disability in later life. Learn more about how to diagnose AD in clinical settings, especially before it reaches its end stage.
  • 15 Fingernail and Toenail Abnormalities The fingernails and toenails can show evidence of general medical conditions ranging from poor nutritional status to malignancy. How many of these do you recognize?
  • 17-Year-Old With Hair Loss, Dysmenorrhea, Thrush, and Diarrhea A 17-year-old girl presents with a history of oral fungal infections, diarrhea, recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting, dizziness, darkening of the skin and oral cavity, and fever. What is the diagnosis?
  • Sexually Active Man With Foreign-Body Feeling, Eye Discharge A sexually active 47-year-old man has a foreign-body sensation in his right eye and yellow discharge. He also has a one-sided headache. Do you know what's wrong?
  • An Accountant With Worsening Bilateral Neck Masses A 66-year-old man presents with bilateral, palpable, nontender neck masses. The patient states that the lesions first appeared about 2 months ago and have been progressing. What's the diagnosis?
  • A Sexually Active 30-Year-Old Woman With Rash and Wrist Pain A 30-year-old woman has wrist pain, fever, chills, and a rash. She has been sexually active with three partners and had a miscarriage within the past year. What's the diagnosis?
  • Seizures in a 42-Year-Old Who Left a Hospital Against Advice A 42-year-old comatose man is brought to the emergency department. He had experienced two episodes of loss of consciousness along with urinary incontinence and myoclonic jerks. What's the diagnosis?
  • Alcohol Abuse: Complications and Consequences People who chronically abuse alcohol are at increased risk for cirrhosis, GI bleeding, pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, trauma, mental health disorders, and a wide variety of cancers. Learn more about the potentially devastating complications of excessive, long-term alcohol use.
  • Fast Five Quiz: Test Your Knowledge of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Mantle cell lymphoma is now recognized as a distinct clinicopathologic entity and represents 2%-10% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. How much do you know about MCL? Test your knowledge with this short quiz.
  • A Sexually Active 23-Year-Old With Seizures and Tongue Pain A 23-year-old man with malaise, fatigue, weight loss, and diminished appetite has progressively declining mental status. What's the diagnosis?
  • Visual Findings of 9 Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common occurrence, but many lesions can be readily mistaken for other diseases. Can you make an accurate diagnosis in these conditions?